Biodegradation of Pesticides by Microorganisms Isolated from the Soils of North-East Algeria

Document Type : Abstract


1 Laboratory of Biogeochemical and Ecological Analysis of Aquatic Environments, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Badji Mokhtar-University, BP 12, 23000 Annaba, Algeria

2 Laboratoiry of Biochemistry and Applied Microbiology


Background and Aim: Phytosanitary products, while reducing the damage caused to crops by phytopathogenic agents, also contribute to the degradation of the quality of different environments. The objective of our study is to isolate and identify autochthonous microorganisms involved in the bioremediation of soils contaminated by pesticides. The isolation tests were carried out on agricultural land chronically treated with pesticides.
Method: The characterization of the bacteria was carried out according to standardized microbiological methods (morphological and biochemical identification culture dependent) then a molecular characterization via the identification of proteins by MALDI-TOF-MS as well as the sequencing of the rDNA16S according to Sanger. The strains identified were subjected to growth tests in the presence of active substances (Abamectin, Chlorpyrifos Methyl, Deltamethrin and Thiophanate methyl) at various concentrations, in order to determine their growth phase as well as their ability to develop in the presence of these xenobiotics as the sole carbon source, and finally confirm their ability to biodegrade them in a mineral medium.
Results: The results obtained show that with Abamectin the strains of Pseudomonas present long growth phases, in particular the latency phase, signifying a difficulty of adaptation. The curves obtained, with the genus Bacillus, show particular appearances with an absence of stationary phase. Among the pesticides tested, it clearly appears that Thiophanate Methyl is very difficult to biodegrade.
Conclusion: In conclusion, we can say that the identified strains are capable of biodegrading the pasticide molecules used more or less quickly.


Main Subjects

Volume 2, Issue 2
Special Issue: Abstract and Papers from ICLS23 (Turkey), ICNFEAS23 (Turkey)
Pages 335-335
  • Receive Date: 20 December 2023
  • Accept Date: 20 December 2023