Synthesis of Montmorillonite-Copper Oxide Hybrid Nanocomposite

Document Type : Original paper


1 Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Urmia Branch, Islamic Azad University, Urmia, Iran

2 Department of Microbiology, Ardabil Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ardabil, Iran.

3 Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Isfahan University, Isfahan, Iran

4 Department of Biology, Faculty of Basic Sciences, Shahr-Rey Branch, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran

5 Department of Biology, Faculty of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


Background and aim: The synthesis of nanoparticles, especially nanocomposite is of particular importance due to their application in the fields of medicine and industry. The most crucial reason for the synthesis of nanoparticles, particularly nanocomposites, to be paramount in the fields of medicine and industry lies in their unique properties at the nanoscale. Nanoparticles often exhibit enhanced reactivity, increased surface area, and distinct physicochemical properties compared to their bulk counterparts. These characteristics open avenues for novel applications, such as targeted drug delivery in medicine and improved catalysis in industry. Building upon this foundation, the current investigation focuses on the synthesis of a copper oxide hybrid nanocomposite.
Materials and methods: During this experimental-laboratory research, the chemical precipitation method of the composite structure was used for the synthesis of copper oxide-clay hybrid nanocomposite and it was confirmed by using FTIR and XRD. In addition, the morphology of nanoparticles was determined by SEM/TEM measurements.
Results: The results of the present study show that the processed nanocomposites were pure and had dimensions of 250-200 nm.
Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrate that the copper oxide and clay nanocomposite, as prepared, possesses the characteristics of an advantageous nanoparticle, including desirable dimensions. This nanoparticle holds potential applications in both medical and industrial contexts.


Main Subjects